What is Orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that concerns with diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of crooked and crowded teeth.
Why Do Orthodontic Problems Occur and How are They Treated?
In the disorders of lower jaw positioned at the back or front of the upper jaw, a proper method of treatment is decided, by also considering the age of the patient. If the patient is a teenager, the treatment is possible with orthodontic techniques.
If the patient is an adult, the treatment of skeletal disorders is carried out by the cooperation of orthodontics with surgical procedures. Jaw maladjustment can be observed due to functional disorders, such as mouth breathing. Since the upper jaw of a person who breathes by mouth will be narrow, it will be in a V form.
Using baby bottles and pacifiers for so long, thumb-sucking and nail-biting can cause orthodontic disorders. These habits should be broken as early as possible. It is important to prevent these habits at an early age for the completion of skeletal development.
Situations such as the tongue being larger than it should be, and the existence of cavities caused by tooth extraction also lead to gaps between the teeth. If the teeth are larger than the jaw structure to which they are attached, they do not fit into it and become crowded.
Early or late fall of baby teeth can also cause the formation of crooked teeth. When the baby tooth falls out earlier than it should, the permanent tooth in the mouth slips into the gap formed. Crowding occurs since the teeth that need to erupt cannot find a place for themselves in the mouth.
How Much is Orthodontic Treatment Necessary?
Orthodontic treatment is not applied solely for aesthetic concerns. It is also applied to prevent dental and gum diseases that may be encountered in the future, to prevent problems in the jaw joints, to provide chewing functionality, and to eliminate speech problems.
According to the orthodontic problem in the mouth, removable appliances, functional appliances, and fixed appliances are determined as the treatment method. Orthodontic problems that are not at an advanced stage can be fixed with rubber bands that the patient can wear and remove.
It is of great importance not to neglect reinforcement treatments to prevent deterioration after the primary orthodontic treatments. Different appliances working passively are used for this period.
The branch of orthodontics works in constant cooperation with other branches of dentistry.
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